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Coco vs Peat

Peat moss and coco fiber are both types of soil amendments. They lighten soil and hold moisture improving soil structure. Peat comes from peat bogs, mainly in Canada, where decomposing sphagnum moss piles on top of itself. This creates the light, soil-like material that can be used agriculturally. Peat is usually mined, and in some case entire acres of land are dug up for agricultural use. Peat is sourced from decayed sphagnum moss that has been composting for millions of years, which is then mined out. It takes much longer for the moss to come back than humans take from the bogs, making it much less ecological. Coco is actually a by-product of the coconut industry, making it a renewable...

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Growing 101 : The Cultivate Guide to Getting Started

So you’ve already read about seeds vs clones, indoor vs outdoor growing, NPK, and every other detail about growing, and now you’re ready to go for it. If our other articles haven’t given it away already, the choices when you walk into a hydroponic store can be vast. With so many options, choosing the best medium, nutrients, lights and other essentials can be overwhelming. Luckily, we deal with growers old and new every day at Cultivate. First and foremost, before you walk into Cultivate asking all kinds of questions, get the important measurements. What is your room size? What is your room temperature? How high are your ceilings? Preference, preference, preference These kind of questions help us to know what...

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What is NPK?

If you’ve ever walked into a store to buy some fertilizer for your plants, you have probably seen three random numbers on the label of the product you bought. To a new grower, these numbers may mean nothing, but they would very soon learn that those numbers are a crucial factor in construction and application of any fertilizer. The numbers on the label of a bag of soil or fertilizer represent the percentage of three different chemicals. In the 1800’s, a man named Justus Von Liebig found that Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium are essential for healthy plant growth. Since then, almost all fertilizers and nutrients  for cultivation have included these chemicals. Represented by their periodic element labels, N, P and...

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Organic vs. Synthetic Nutrients

Deciding whether to grow your plants with organic or synthetic nutrients can be a tough decision to make. Both organic and synthetic growing methods have their benefits, but they also lack aspects that the other may not. Organic Growing organic is obviously the more natural way to grow compared to synthetic. Organic fertilizers and nutrients utilize biological components like animal and plant waste to promote a more natural growing environment. A benefit of organic products is that they have a slower release time of nutrients into the plant, making it harder to overfeed or burn the plants. However, this can also cause problems if there is an issue that shows up late in the growth cycle, and a quick fix...

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Lights 101: Which should you buy?

Everyone is fascinated that you can grow plants indoors. We are often ask about special lights and the best “grow lights”. The truth is the technology that powers the grow lights is the same that powers street lights and homes. For years, “grow bulbs” we’re just the same bulbs in a street lamp, but marketed as horticultural bulbs. Only until recently have specific spectrum bulbs been available to the public for growing plants. The basics are simple; you need a bright light to grow big, healthy plants. There’s plenty of different light options, but the costs may outweigh the benefits depending on how much you want to spend. The minimum we recommend to fully flower a plant is 315 watts....

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